Best in class Latest Technology for H1N1 Virus Detection
H1N1 Swine flu is a subtype of influenza A virus (a communicable viral disease), which causes upper, and potentially, lower respiratory tract infections in the host it infects.

According to a report released by WHO on 4th February, 2019 :
  • In Western Asia, influenza activity continued to increase in some countries and appeared to decrease across countries of the Arabian Peninsula.
  • In East Asia, influenza activity continued to increase, with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus predominating.
  • In Southern Asia, influenza detections remained elevated overall. Influenza activity continued to increase in Iran with influenza A(H3N2) the predominant circulating virus.
  • In the temperate zones of the southern hemisphere, influenza activity remained at inter-seasonal levels.
  • Worldwide, seasonal influenza A viruses accounted for the majority of detections.

The WHO GISRS laboratories tested more than 23,2136 specimens from 07 - 20 January 2019 and 5,9457 were positive for influenza viruses, of which 5,8436 (98.3%) were typed as influenza A.

Recently, India has reported 1,694 cases of influenza A H1N1 (swine flu) with 49 deaths till January 13, 2019, which is more than double the 798 cases reported in all of January 2018. There were 14,999 confirmed cases in 2018 and 1,103 deaths.

Spread of the Disease:
  • Human infection from pigs is most likely to occur when people are in close proximity to infected pigs, such as farmers, pork handlers, and veterinarians. The virus enters the body through eyes , nose or mouth.
  • The human to human transfer takes place by coming in direct contact with infected person or sharing same clothes and other belongings with that person.
  • Its mode of transfer is via air and virus particles travel through air and thus making it more contagious.

Symptoms :
The symptoms of HIN1 flu virus (human swine flu) are very similar to those of seasonal human influenza. People with swine influenza may have:

  • Body aches
  • Chills
  • Cough
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sore throat
  • Some people with H1N1 flu virus have also reported vomiting and diarrhea.
  • The severity of symptoms can vary from mild to severe and sometimes require hospitalization.
  • In some cases, severe complications such as pneumonia and respiratory failure can cause death. Like the seasonal flu, swine flu may worsen existing chronic medical conditions.

People who have a higher risk of becoming seriously ill if infected include:
  • Children younger than 5 years old
  • Adults older than age 65, younger adults, and children under age 19 who are on long-term aspirin therapy
  • People with compromised immune systems due to diseases such as AIDS
  • Currently gestating females
  • People suffering from chronic diseases such as asthma, heart disease, diabetes mellitus, or neuromuscular disease

Incubation period:
The incubation period for swine flu can be up to seven days, but is most likely to be between two and five days. It is, however, at this stage there is no certainty about the incubation period.

Diagnosis of the disease:
  • Respiratory specimens including throat swab, and nasopharyngeal /nasal swabs are taken from ambulatory patients.
  • From incubated patients admitted in the ICU the sample is bronchoalveolar lavage or tracheal aspirates.
  • Samples are transported in special viral transport medium which is packed in such a way that there is no chance of contaminating the environment or it being a risk to those handling the box.

Why Suraksha for Swine Flu diagnosis ?
In Suraksha, we have the most sensitive Real Time PCR based specialized test for Swine flu detection. This test is recommended by National Institute Of Communicable Diseases (NICD)
Method: REAL TIME PCR
TAT : SAME DAY ( if sample received within cut off time.)

Infection prevention:
  • Covering the mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing
  • Wearing a mask while going close to the infected person.
  • Maintaining high level of hygiene, always wash hands frequently with soap and water.
  • Surface sanitizing may help prevent some infections. For that alcohol is an effective sanitizer, bleach can also be used.